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                                                   PATTERNS   (HYUNG) 


Listed here are the meanings and terminology for the first nine patterns, those learned before black belt. Certain black belt patterns are also being added at times. Note that these are only the "ending" positions; of primary importance is HOW the student arrives at these positions.

Follow this link for information on the 4-Directional Exercises Four Direction Exercise



Follow this link for information and suggestions for performing patterns PRACTICING PATTERNS WITH FIVE MINDSETS



Chon-Ji        means literally “the Heaven the Earth.” It is, in the Orient, interpreted

                     as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history; there-

                     fore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern con-

                     sists of two similar parts—one to represent the Heaven and the

                     other the Earth.    Chon-Ji English    Korean Translation   Front View Rear View 


Dan-Gun      is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in

                     the year 2333 B.C.   Dan-Gun English   Korean Translation  Front View  Rear View


Do-San         is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch’ang Ho (1876-1938) who

                     devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its

                     Independence movement.  Do-San English    Korean Translation   Front View  Rear View


Won-Hyo      was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty

                      In 686 A.D.  Won-Hyo English     Korean Translation   Front View  Rear View


Yul-Gok         is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-

                     1584) nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea.” The 38 movements of

                     this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38º latitude and the

                     diagram (±) represents “scholar.”   Yul-Gok English    Korean Translation  Front View Rear View


Joong-Gun   is named after the patriot An Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-

                     Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as

                     the man who played the leading part of the Korea-Japan merger.

                     There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. An’s age

                     when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).  Joong-Gun English  Korean Translation 

                                                                                                      Front View  Rear View


Toi-Gye        is the penname of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th A.D.), an auth-

                     ority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of this pattern refer

                     to his birthplace on 37º latitude and the diagram (±) represents

                     “scholar.”   Toi-Gye English    Korean Translation   Front View  Rear View


Hwa-Rang    is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the

                     Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago. This group eventually became

                     the actual driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of

                     Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where

                     Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.   Hwa-Rang English   Korean Translation  Front View  Rear View



Moo            was the given name to the great Admiral Yi Sun Sin of the Yi Dy-

                   nasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship

                   (kobukson) which was the precursor of the present day submarine in

                  1592 . The reason why this pattern ends up with the left hand attack

                   is to symbolize his regrettable death having no chance to show his un-

                   restrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty

                   to the king.    Choong-Moo English    Korean translation  Front View Rear View





                 BLACK BELT PATTERNS





Kwang-       is named after the famous Kwang-Gae T'o-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty

Gae            who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram

                   (±) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to

                   his reign for 39 years.   Kwang Gae English   Kwang Gae Korean   Front View   Rear View 


Po-Eun       is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400 A.D,) who was a famous poet

                   and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times"

                   is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (---) represents

                   his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

                                                        Po-Eun English   Po-Eun Korean  Front View  Rear View


Ge-Baek       is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram (I)

                     represents his severe and strict military discipline.  Ge-Baek English   Ge-Baek Korean


Eui-Am         is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on

                     March 1, 1919. The 45 movements relate to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak

                     (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents

                     his indomitable spirit displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.


Ul-Ji              is named after general Ul-Ji Mun Duk who successfully defended Korea against a Chinese

                     invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji, employing hit

                     and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram (   )

                     represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author's age when he designed

                     the pattern. 



Choi-Yong    is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces

                     during the fourteenth century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty,

                     patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General

                     Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi Dynasty.